Funding Planned Parenthood
When Government Decided Family Services Were Needed:
Family Planning Services and Population Research Act, Title X of the Public Health Service Act, which President Nixon signed on December 26, 1970. The purpose of Title X was, and still is, to provide expanded family planning services, research, and training.
Since its inception, Title X has provided family planning and preventative health services for low-income women and men which include:
1) A broad range of FDA-approved contraceptive methods and counseling services;
2) Breast and cervical cancer screening;
3) Pregnancy testing and counseling; and
4) Screening and treatment for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), HIV testing, and other patient education and referrals.
In addition to clinical services, Title X also funds training for family planning clinic personnel, family planning research, and community-based education and outreach.
The Department of Health and Human Services’ (HHS) Office of Population Affairs (OPA) currently administers Title X, while the program’s funding ($286,400,000 in FY14) is provided through HHS’s Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA). Approximately five million clients are served annually through a network of 4,400 family planning centers that include state, county, and local health departments, community health centers, hospitals, schools, faith-based centers, and other private nonprofits.
These services yield significant savings to taxpayers by offering contraceptive services, which reduce Medicaid costs related to pregnancy care and delivery, as well as the cost of care of infants in their first year of life. Additional benefits include prevention and treatment of STIs, avoiding and detecting reproductive cancers, and the broader health, social, and economic benefit of allowing women to time or prepare for pregnancy.
The Title X “Gag Rule” – Hyde Amendment of 1976 is a legislative provision barring the use of federal funds to pay for abortion except to save the life of the woman, or if the pregnancy arises from incest or rape.
The Act specifies that Title X funds may not be used for the performance of abortions, but places no restrictions on the ability of clinics that receive Title X funds to provide abortion counseling and referrals or to perform abortions using non-Title X funds.
Other programs also finance family planning, including: Medicaid, the Health Centers program under Section 330 of the Public Health Service Act, Maternal and Child Health Block Grants, and Social Services Block Grants. In FY2010, Medicaid accounted for 75% of U.S. public family planning expenditures (including federal, state, and local government spending). In comparison, Title X accounted for 10%.
H.R. 7 in the House. Permanently banning federal funding for abortions is a top Republican social policy priority. No Taxpayer Funding for Abortion and Abortion Insurance Full Disclosure Act, passed the House last month and would accomplish that goal. H.R. 771, the EACH Woman Act, would do the opposite and permanently repeal the ban.
CDC – The recommendations outline how to provide quality family planning services, which include contraceptive services, pregnancy testing and counseling, helping clients achieve pregnancy, basic infertility services, preconception health services, and sexually transmitted disease services.
Planned Parenthood – from their website
Most of Planned Parenthood’s federal funding is from Medicaid (state) reimbursements for preventive care, and some is from Title X. At least 60% of Planned Parenthood patients rely on public health programs like Medicaid and Title X for preventive and primary care.
- On October 16, 1916, Margaret Sanger — together with her sister Ethel Byrne and fellow activist Fania Mindell — open the first birth control clinic in Brownsville, Brooklyn.
- 1927 by a vote of 8 to 1, the Supreme Court condones the practice of forced sterilization for “the health of the patient and the welfare of society” in its Buck v. Bell decision. Skinner v. Oklahoma, 316 U.S. 535 (1942). While Skinner v. Oklahoma did not specifically overturn Buck v. Bell, it created enough of a legal quandary to discourage many sterilizations.
- 1951 – Planned Parenthood awards a grant to Gregory Pincus, John Rock, and M.C. Chang to undertake research of the development of the birth control pill.
- 1965 – Griswold v. Connecticut, the U.S. Supreme Court rules that married couples may use contraceptives.
- 1965 – The Indian Health Service begins to offer family planning with the goal of reducing the birth rate of Native American women.
- 1972 – In Eisenstadt v. Baird, the U.S. Supreme Court strikes down a Massachusetts statute that bans the distribution of contraceptives to unmarried people.
- 1973 – Roe vs Wade – In a landmark decision, the U.S. Supreme Court rules that the constitutional right to privacy extends to a woman’s decision to have an abortion. It legalizes abortion nationwide.
- 1989 – Planned Parenthood Action Fund is formed as the advocacy and nonpartisan political arm of Planned Parenthood Federation of America.
- 1992 – In Planned Parenthood Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey, the U.S. Supreme Court affirms a woman’s constitutional right to abortion but rules that states may regulate abortion.
- 1999 – The FDA approves the first progestin-only emergency contraceptive available in the U.S., known as Plan B.
- 2000 – The FDA approves RU-486 (mifepristone), also known as medication abortion or the “abortion pill,” which gives pregnant individuals in the U.S. another safe and effective option for abortion early in pregnancy.
- 2010 – As part of the women’s preventive care benefit of the ACA, the Obama administration ensures that health insurance plans cover all types of FDA-approved contraceptives.
- 2013 – Citing scientific and medical research showing that it’s safe and effective in preventing unintended pregnancy, the FDA approves Plan B One-Step emergency contraception for use without a prescription, making it available for all women with no age restrictions.
- 2016 – In Whole Woman’s Health v. Hellerstedt, the U.S. Supreme Court rules 5-3 that Texas cannot place restrictions on the delivery of abortion services that create an undue burden for women seeking an abortion.
Comparison Shopping on services:
According to one of their online calculators a less than 12week abortion runs $623 with optional sedation an additional $110 based on a $300 weekly salary. Cost of annual exam including pap smear $108. Contraceptive would be the $108 annual visit plus $28, $40, or $59 for one of 4 contraceptive options. Pregnancy test $20. Medication abortion pill is $624. Abortion of 18.6week fetus $857 plus an optional sedation fee of $110. These costs do not consider insurance or co-pays, just the actual cost.
The city of Baton Rouge has 10 clinics free or sliding scale service locations for health funded by the federal government. Only one center is Planned Parenthood. I don’t need that obviously at this stage in my life but I will say I have had to call heavily in the last six years on low-cost or at times free medical services. They saved my life on more than one occasion and I am very grateful for their being here. As a senior on early retirement, Medicare and Medicaid have been the only resource I had available until I was able to get on a Medicaid provider insurance. The point being there ARE options at least in larger cities and towns even if some travel is involved.
An average cost for women’s check up could run from $50 – 200 depending on income and insurance and co-pay. Pap Smear $25-60. Contraceptive yearly cost between 4 types $130 – $175 (for pills). Sterilization $1200 or Vasectomy $240. Pregnancy home test $6-25. Ob-Gyn visit range from $50 – $100 annually and pregnancy tests by them around $100.
Average abortion costs – from $0 to over $3,000 depending on, among other factors, how long you’ve been pregnant, how you’re paying and, increasingly, where you live. Insurance policies have different coverages. About 3 in 10 U.S. women have one by age 45. Over a third of women getting abortions are white. Over half are 20-somethings. Almost half make incomes under the federal poverty level. Most are already mothers. Cost matters to many of these women and while states can’t ban abortion outright, they can — and do — pass laws that make it more expensive. Information is in flux for 2017 as laws and medical insurance is changing. In general as an idea: first trimester-procedure with general anesthesia: $550 or procedure with sedation: $460. Abortion pill: $500. 24 weeks $3,000.
So trying to figure out if Planned Parenthood prices are lower (on average without Medicaid or insurance) – it looks to me like their prices are HIGHER in some instances.
So WHY is Planned Parenthood so special that it supersedes other agencies and assistance? Additionally, we are learning that many of their “so-called” services are unavailable to clients. Only abortion appears to be heavily supported.
Breitbart: “The Retail Value of Fetal Organs Harvested by Planned Parenthood -fetal organs they harvest are available at a cost of $30-$100 per specimen.
The sale of fetal body parts is illegal in the United States, however, the law outlawing it does allow for companies to charge for processing and shipping costs of those organs/tissues.
Planned Parenthood stated,
“At several of our health centers, we help patients who want to donate tissue for scientific research, and we do this just like every other high-quality health care provider does—with full, appropriate consent from patients and under the highest ethical and legal standards. There is no financial benefit for tissue donation for either the patient or for Planned Parenthood.” It’s not clear why Planned Parenthood charges $30-$100 per specimen for organs that would otherwise wind up as medical waste.
I have provided a three-part series that I hope provides information and allows each of you factually to make up your own minds.
Personally, there are too many ways to prevent these “accidents” these days to allow even the thought of abortion to enter my mind. But if I did have to need the service, I hope that I would be panicked and smart enough to find someone knowledgeable to help me, if not parent then minister or a local health clinic. I would also pray that I would be smart enough to terminate within the very first days or at a maximum the first two months. Female body changes occur and readies for delivery. Hormones go whacko. It is better to pop a “morning after” pill or take your normal contraceptive than to go through all the emotional upheavel of pregnancy.
NOW as to those who believe Planned Parenthood should receive federal money, is this still acceptable when there ARE services and clinics that are out there that can see to real basic needs?
Brutally Honest Look At Pro-Life or Pro-Choice – Part 1
Brutally Honest Look – Pregnancy and Abortion Rights – Issues and Questions – Part 2