Syria Timeline 2000 – 2012, Part 2 A

Timeline of 2000 – 2012, The Clinton Years of 2009-2012

July 17, 2000 – Basshar al Assad takes office

November 2000- The Basshar Assad orders the release of 600 political prisoners.

April 2001 – Outlawed Muslim Brotherhood says it will resume political activity, 20 years after its leaders were forced to flee.

June 2001 – Syrian troops evacuate Beirut, redeploy in other parts of Lebanon, following pressure from Lebanese critics of Syria’s presence.

September 2001 – Detention of MPs and other pro-reform activists, crushing hopes of a break with the authoritarian past of Hafez al-Assad. Arrest continues, punctuated by occasional amnesties, over the following decade.

September 5, 2001 – Federal anti-terrorism agents raided InfoCom Corporation, the company that ran the HLF website.

September 11, 2001 – Islamic fundamentalist terrorists hijack four U.S. airliners and crash them into the Pentagon and the World Trade Center in New York City.

October 7, 2001 – In response to the tragedy of September 11, the United States military, with participation from its ally the United Kingdom, commence the first attack in the War on Terrorism on the Taliban and Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan.

December 4, 2001 – The Bush administration seized all HLF assets and records because of Holy Land Foundations’ Hamas connections.

May 21, 2002 – The United States State Department issues its report in the War on Terror. It states that there are seven nations that a State-Sponsors: Iran, Iraq, Cuba, Libya, North Korea, Sudan, and Syria.

May 2002 – Senior US official includes Syria in a list of states that make-up an “axis of evil”, first listed by President Bush in January. Undersecretary for State John Bolton says Damascus is acquiring weapons of mass destruction.

2002 – Russia starts push on pipelines to become second largest oil exporter behind Saudi Arabia.

July 5, 2002 – Continuing its pattern of the past several years, Iraq refuses new proposals from the United Nations concerning weapons inspections. The inspections were part of the cease-fire agreement and terms of surrender in the 1991 Gulf War.

September 12, 2002 – U.S. President George Bush addresses the United Nations and warns the members that Iraq presents a grave danger to the world that they must confront, or that the United States and others will act unitarily.

October 2, 2002 – United States Congress passes a resolution giving the President of the U.S. the authority to use the military forces of the country as he thinks necessary.

November 8, 2002 – The United Nations passes Resolution 1441 in a unanimous Security Council vote. It forces Saddam Hussein and Iraq to disarm or face serious consequences.

March 19, 2003 – The War in Iraq begins with the bombing of Baghdad after additional measures and mandates from the United Nations and the United States coalition fail to gain concessions or the removal of Saddam Hussein from power.

2003 – Invasion of Iraq, Syria stated that it had no chemical weapons, but later stated it possessed such weapons in 2012

April 9, 2003 – The U.S. coalition seizes control of Baghdad in the Iraq conflict.

October 5, 2003 –  Ain es Saheb airstrike: Israel bombed a site near Damascus.

February 3, 2004 – The Central Intelligence Agency admits that the imminent threat from weapons of mass destruction was not present before the 2003 Iraq war began.

May 2004 – US imposes economic sanctions on Syria over what it calls its support for terrorism and failure to stop militants entering Iraq.

July 2004 -Federal authorities arrested five former HLF leaders. According to the indictment, HLF tried to hide its terrorist-financing activities from American law-enforcement by making a few small contributions to innocuous, non-Palestinian entities while reserving the vast majority of its funds for terrorists.

2004- the assassination of former Lebanese prime minister Rafiq Hariri and the concerted bid to force Syria out of Lebanon

October 26, 2005 – The War of Terror continues. With elections in Iraq to confirm a new constitution vying with internal terrorism amid the U.S. military presence on October 15.

November 7, 2005 – Statement from the Iranian President, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad calls for the destruction of Israel and condemns the peace process.

2005 – Washington’s decision to break diplomatic relations with Damascus

February 2005 –  Special Tribunal for Lebanon set up

April 26, 2005 – assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister, Rafic Hariri. Ends Syria/Lebanese conflict

April 30, 2005 – UN resolution 1559, Syria was forced to announce its full withdrawal from Lebanon after UN intervention on Cedar Revolution

2005 – Regional conference of the Baath party in Damascus. This conference drew up the blueprint for the sweeping democratic reforms that Assad enacted in 2011 and 2012.

2006 – Israel’s attack on Lebanon

November 2006 – Iraq and Syria restore diplomatic relations after nearly a quarter century.

December 2006 – Two openly pro-Castro organizations — the Center for Constitutional Rights and the Humanitarian Law Project — jointly petitioned a federal judge to dismiss many of the charges brought against HLF.

January 10, 2007 – President George W. Bush announces a troop surge of 21,500 for the war in Iraq to stem the violence at the request of new commander General Petraeus.

2007-2009 -Global recession economic crisis. Countries most involved: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, USA.

2007 – Avaaz group in Syria by Jeremy Heimans (now CEO of Purpose) and others. Start-up funding was provided by George Soros’ foundation receiving funding from the Open Society Institute, Avaaz has publicly cited the Open Society Institute as their foundation partner. Avaaz very actively promoted a No Fly Zone in Libya. Now very actively promoting the same for Syria. Avaaz is the operational name of “Global Engagement and Organizing Fund,” a non-profit organization legally incorporated in 2006. Avaaz was founded by Res Publica, described as a global civic advocacy group, and

2007 – Israel’s blockade of Palestine

March 2007 – European Union relaunches dialogue with Syria.

April 2007 – US House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi meets President Assad in Damascus.

May 2007 – Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice meets Foreign Minister Walid Muallem

2007  – An assessment indicated that Syria was capable of producing several hundred tons of chemical weapon agents per year. Another 2007 report said that Syria was believed to have a stockpile of hundreds of tonnes of chemical weapons agents. Syria was believed to be able to deliver chemical weapons by aerial bombs, surface-to-surface missiles and artillery rockets

July 2007 –  a Syrian arms depot exploded, killing at least 15 Syrians, as well as 10 Iranians

September 6, 2007 – Operation Orchard: Israel bombed a target in the area of Deir ez-Zor. Allegations that nuclear base were there. The Israeli and U.S. governments imposed virtually total news blackouts immediately after the raid that held for seven months. Four years later after much ado, the UN inspectors did state there was a nuclear site though Syria totally disputed their findings and the allegations.

2008 – Syria and Israel sat down to attempt to settle their problems.

May 2008 – Iran and Syria sign a defense co-operation pact.

July 1, 2008 – A report by the U.S. embassy in Iraq states that 15 of the 18 goals set for the Iraqi government have been met, largely due to the surge implemented over the last year.

October 2008 – Syria and Lebanon establish reciprocal embassies and diplomatic relations

November 24, 2008 – The jury convicted five former HLF officials — Mufid Abdulqader, Shukri Abu-Baker, Ghassan Elashi, Mohamed El-Mezain, and Abdelrahman Odeh — of conspiring to provide material support to terrorists. Among the unindicted co-conspirators were groups such as the Council on American-Islamic Relations, Hamas, the Islamic Association for Palestine, the Islamic Society of North America, the Muslim Arab Youth Association, the North American Islamic Trust, and the United Association for Studies and Research. The list also included many individuals affiliated with the Muslim Brotherhood and/or Hamas. 

January 2009 – Assad speaks before the Arab League on Israel and Golen Heights. He called on the Arab world to boycott Israel, close any Israeli embassies in the region, and sever all “direct or indirect ties with Israel.” Syria, Assad said, had ended its talks over the Golan Heights.

March 2009 – Trading launches on Syrian stock exchange

2009 Clinton Travel logs have her visiting:

  • March 2-3, 2009 –  Sharm el-Sheikh attending the International Conference in Support of the Palestinian Economy for the Reconstruction of Gaza.
  • 2009 March 3-5, 2009 – Tel Aviv, Jerusalem and met with President Peres, Prime Minister Olmert, and Foreign Minister Livni.
  • March 7, 2009 –  Ankara, Turkey and met with Foreign Minister Babacan.
  • March 31 -April 1, 2009 – The Hague – the International Conference of Afghanistan.
  • April 24-25, 2009 – Kuwait City  Foreign Minister al-Sabah and members of the Office of Military Cooperation.
  • April 25, 2009 – Baghdad  President Talebani, Prime Minister al-Maliki and senior officials. Visited U.S. military personnel, a Provincial Reconstruction Team, and attended a town meeting.
  • April 26, 2009 – Lebanon Beirut  President Sleiman and Foreign Minister Salloukh.
  • October 12-14, 2009 – Moscow, Kazan Met with President Medvedev and Foreign Minister Lavrov concerning arms control, nonproliferation, and counterterrorism.
  • October 28–30, 2009 – Pakistan Islamabad, Lahore Met with Foreign Minister Qureshi. Announced several assistance programs.
  • October 30, 2009 – United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Met with Palestinian Authority President Abbas.
  • October 30-November 2, 2009 – Israel Jerusalem Met with Prime Minister Netanyahu and Foreign Minister Lieberman.
  • November 3–4, 2009 – Cairo Met with President Mubarak, Foreign Minister Aboul Gheit, and Special Envoy Mitchell.

June 30, 2009 – The United States officially hands over responsibility for security to Iraqi force and withdraws.

July 8, 2009 – Israel’s  bombing of Gaza following the kidnapping and murder of three Israeli teenagers by Hamas members

July 28, 2009 – Australia, the United Kingdom and Romania end their Iraq troop presence

September 16, 2009 – U.S. Vice President Joe Biden made his second visit to Baghdad in as many months and met with Prime Minister al-Maliki even as insurgents fired mortars and rockets at the Green Zone to protest his presence

December 1, 2009 – President Obama announces a surge of 30,000 additional troops to Afghanistan to stem increased efforts by the Taliban in the country.

December 18, 2009 – Iranian forces invade Iraq and seize East Maysan oilfield 4

2010 Clinton Travel logs have her visiting:

  • February 14–15, 2010 – Doha Met with Amir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani and Foreign Minister Hamad bin Jassin al-Thani. Addressed the U.S.-Islamic World Forum.
  • February 15–16, 2010 – Saudi Arabia Riyadh, Jeddah Met with King Abdullah and Foreign Minister Prince Saud. Visited the Organization of the Islamic Conference headquarters and made a speech at the Dar Al-Hekma College in Jeddah
  • March 18–19, 2010 – Moscow Attended a Quarted meeting and discussed strategic arms reductions.
  • September 14–25, 2010 – Sharm el-Sheikh Participated in Israeli-Palestinian negotiations.
  • September 15–16, 2010 – Jerusalem Met with President Peres and participated in Israeli-Palestinian negotiations.
  • September 16, 2010 – Palestinian Authority Ramallah Met with President Abbas and Prime Minister Fayyad.
  • September 16–17, 2010 – Jordan Amman Met with King Abdullah II.

May 2010 – US renews sanctions against Syria, saying that it supports terrorist groups, seeks weapons of mass destruction and has provided Lebanon’s Hezbollah with Scud missiles in violation of UN resolutions.

September 22, 2010 – Obama issues executive order US Global Development Policy including climate change, global security, sustainable development, and global health. Clearly in line with United Nations agenda.  Foreign assistance targets over $238 million in aid to Syria and total of billions in the Middle East.

2010 – General information about Syriain 2010 – Syria was projected to have a sustained period of economic growth of 8% per annum for the next ten years. There was a large agricultural sector, which generated 25% of national income. The principal crops were wheat and cotton. Oil was also produced and exported. In 2010 GDP growth was 3.2% per annum, while GDP per capita was $4 800.  In 2010, Syria had a population of 21 million, 90% of whom are Muslim. It is one of the few Arab states, which protected and respected its Christian minority (10%) generally. It provided free education up to university level, free medical care and subsidized housing for all its people. Banks were mostly state-owned. At the time Assad appeared to be a popular leader with over 97% of the country’s people approving his leadership if popularity votes mean much.

2011 Clinton Travel logs have her visiting:

  • February 5–6, 2011 – Munich Attended the Munich Security Conference and exchanged ratifications of the new START Treaty with Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov.
  • March 15–17, 2011 – Met with Prime Minister Sharaf, Foreign Minister al-Araby, and civic leaders.
  • May 27, 2011 – Islamabad Met with President Zardari and Pakistani government and military leaders.
  • July 15–17, 2011 – Istanbul Attended a Libya Contact Group meeting. Met with President Gul, Prime Minister Erdogan, and Foreign Minister Davutoglu. Attended a meeting of the Organization of the Islamic Conference on combating religious intolerance.
  • October 20, 2011Kabul Met with President Karzai and Afghan civil leaders.
  • October 20–21, 2011 – Pakistan Islamabad Met with Prime Minister Gilani, Foreign Minister Khar, and President Zardari.
  • October 21–22, 2011 – Tajikistan Dushanbe Met with President Rahmon and Foreign Minister Zarifi. Addressed civil society representatives.
  • October 22, 2011 – Uzbekistan Tashkent Met with President Karimov.

January 2011 – Bill Clinton spoke at a global business forum in Riyadh founded by the Saudi Investment Authority and sponsored by the Dabbagh Group, a commercial colossus with close ties to the Saudi royal family.

2010 – State Department authorized the sale of toxic chemicals to Qatar and Saudi Arabia

January 2011 – Egyptian riots using tear gas

2011 – Open Society Institute renamed Open Society Foundation

2011 – Hand In Hand FOR AID AND DEVELOPMENT founded was originally Hand In Hand For Syria which originally stated the removal of Assad – charity commissioned in UK

2011 – Syria suspended from Arab League due to Syrian Civil Conflict between the government of President Bashar al-Assad and his allies on one side and various forces opposing him. The war is being fought by several factions: the Syrian government and its allies, a loose alliance of Sunni Arab rebel groups (including the Free Syrian Army), the majority-Kurdish Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), Salafi jihadist groups (including al-Nusra Front) who cooperate with the Sunni rebel groups, and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).

May 2011 – Army tanks enter Deraa, Banyas, Homs and suburbs of Damascus in an effort to crush anti-regime protests. US and European Union tighten sanctions.

May 2011 – UN investigation of North Korea, its capability needs and locations for weapons of nuclear and chemical warfare noted a strong and continued partnership between Iran, Syria, and North Korea as they noted through the press. “The press has reported that the country was engaged in assisting both Iran (Islamic Republic of) and the Syrian Arab Republic to build maraging steel production facilities.

The Panel notes this conjecture but notes too that the production of maraging steel is technically demanding, and it has no evidence that the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea has acquired the relevant technologies.”
March 2011 – Security forces shoot dead protestors in southern city of Deraa demanding release of political prisoners, triggering violent unrest that steadily spread nationwide over the following months.

President Assad announces conciliatory measures, releasing dozens of political prisoners, dismissing government, lifting 48-year-old state of emergency. Inspections and seizures of shipping noted a significant amount of goods and supplies pertaining to weapons of mass destruction were found moving from North Korea to Iran and Syria.

June 2011 some five to six hundred fighters of the Free Syrian Army suddenly laid siege to the town for 48 hours. When the army sent in reinforcements the rebel killed the soldiers and cut the only access to the town by road. Two days later, the FSA posted online that the Syrian forces had killed many people along with gruesome pictures. Allegedly two months later a resident of the town when applying for a visa “told” authorities that between 500 and 600 rebels had descended upon the town from Turkey. On the way they stopped a bus, shot six of its passengers and spread the word that army had done it.

June 2011 – The IAEA nuclear watchdog decides to report Syria to the UN Security Council over its alleged covert nuclear programme reactor programme. The structure housing the alleged reactor was destroyed in an Israeli air raid in 2007.

August 2011 – Syrian National Council formed and based in Istanbul against Assad.

August 19, 2011 – Qatar sends a $1 million birthday check to Bill Clinton via the Clinton Foundation

October 2011 – New Syrian National Council says it has forged a common front of internal and exiled opposition activists.

November 2011 – Arab League votes to suspend Syria, accusing it of failing to implement an Arab peace plan, and imposes sanctions.

2012 Clinton Travel logs have her visiting:

  •  March 30–31, 2012 – Arabia Riyadh Met with King Abdullah and Foreign Minister Prince Saud. Attended the First Ministerial Meeting of the Gulf Cooperation Council-U.S. Strategic Cooperation Forum.
  • March 31–April 1, 2012 – Turkey Istanbul Attended the second meeting of the “Friends of the Syrian People.” Met with Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan, Foreign Minister Ahmed Davutoglu, Arab League Secretary-General Nabil al-Araby, and the Syrian National Council.
  • June 6–7, 2012 – Azerbaijan Baku Met with President Ilham Alyiev and Foreign Minister Elmar Mammadyarov. Attended the Caspian Oil and Gas Show.
  • June 7, 2012 – Turkey Istanbul Met with Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu, Deputy Prime Minister Ali Babacan, and Swiss Foreign Minister Didier Burkhalter. Co-chaired the Global Counterterrorism Forum.
  • July 7, 2012 – Afghanistan Kabul Met with President Hamid Karzai. Announced the designation of Afghanistan as a Major Non-NATO Ally.
  • July 14–16, 2012  – Cairo, Alexandria Met with President Mohammed Morsi, Foreign Minister Mohamed Kamel Amr, Field Marshal Mohamed Tantawi, and Christian leaders. Dedicated the Consulate General at Alexandria.
  • July 16, 2012 – Israel Jerusalem Met with President Shimon Peres, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Foreign Minister Avigdor Liberman, Defense Minister Ehud Barak, Palestinian Authority President Salam Fayyad, and Quartet Representative Tony Blair.
  • August 11–12, 2012 – Istanbul Met with President Abdullah Gul, Prime Minister Recep Erdogan, Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu, and Syrian activists and refugees.
  • November 20–21, 2012 – Jerusalem Discussed the Gaza Crisis with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon.
  • November 21, 2012 – Palestinian Authority Ramallah Discussed the Gaza Crisis with President Mahmoud Abbas.
  •  November 21, 2012 – Egypt Cairo Discussed the Gaza Crisis with President Mohammed Morsi and Foreign Minister Mohamed Kamal Amr.

2011-2012 – “Purpose” begins as international PR firm.CEO is Jeremy Heimans, a co-founder of Avaaz. For a fee hires and actively promotes progressive agencies’ agendas. Most of the current Women’s marches etc are listed in its news feed.

January 2012 – A Syrian defector who worked inside the chemical weapons network alleged that in January 2012 two senior Syrian officers moved about 100 kg. of chemical weapons materials from a secret military base in Nasiriyah

By the end of January 2012, it was reported by Reuters that over 5,000 civilians and protesters (including armed militants) had been killed by the Syrian army, security agents and militia (Shabiha), while 1,100 people had been killed by “terrorist armed forces”.

May, 2012 – FSA (Free Syrian Army) purported to be involved in massacre. The massacre was said to be suspicious because it occurred within days of Syria’s first ever multi party election under the new constitution. Early accounts laid it at the feet of the Syrian Assad regime.  Later did it emerge that all of these reports had been based upon the statements of a single child, and that several other eyewitnesses had given detailed, graphic accounts, which showed that the killers were Islamists.

October 2012 – Israel ‘s satellites said that the Syrian army was mixing the chemicals normally held separately that together produce Sarin Gas.

December 2012 – Obama on media called for a Red Line if chemical weapons were used.

June 20, 2012 – Turkish F-4 Phantom reconnaissance jet was intercepted and shot down by the Syrian Army in international airspace, after having violated Syrian airspace. Turkey changes rules of engagement after Syria shoots down a Turkish plane, declaring that if Syrian troops approach Turkey’s borders they will be seen as a military threat.

July 2012 – Free Syria Army blows up three security chiefs in Damascus and seizes Aleppo in the north.

August 2012 – Prime Minister Riad Hijab defects

August 12, 2012 – Ynet publishes a post that Assad warns of “Rebels may resort to using chemical weapons”…”Terrorist groups may resort to using chemical weapons against the Syrian people… after having gained control of a toxic chlorine factory” east of Aleppo, the foreign ministry said, using the government term for rebel groups.” The ministry was believed to be referring to the Syrian-Saudi Chemicals Company (SYSACCO) factory near Safira, which was taken over earlier this week by militants from the jihadist Al-Nusra Front.

Aug 28, 2012 – A group of NATO special ops with a number of FSA storm into a Syrian Army warehouse facility which stores air-defense missiles. They claim the Syrian state is using these missiles against them and the missiles had been adjusted to carry unconventional warheads, especially for chemical and biological.

November 2012 – Syrian National Council merges with others to form the National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces, commonly named the Syrian National Coalition. National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces formed in Qatar, excludes Islamist militias. Arab League stops short of full recognition. SNC’s membership includes many members of the exiled Syrian wing of the Muslim Brotherhood.

December 8, 2012 – Reported members of the jihadist Al-Nusra Front had recently captured a Saudi-owned toxic chemicals plant outside of Aleppo

December, 2012 – Kurdish Democratic Alliance – or Political Union – formed a new party to rival the dominant role of the Democratic Union Party (PYD) in governing the de facto independent Syrian Kurdish region of Rojava. After one of the parties had broken apart in 2013, the alliance dissolved in April 2014 with the remaining parties merging into the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Syria (KDP-S).

December 2012 – US, Britain, France, Turkey and Gulf states formally recognise opposition National Coalition as “legitimate representative” of Syrian people.

December 23, 2012 – Al Jazeera released unconfirmed reports that a gas attack killed 7 civilians in the rebel-held al-Bayyada neighbourhood of Homs

About Uriel

Retired educator and constitutionalist
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3 Responses to Syria Timeline 2000 – 2012, Part 2 A

  1. Terry says:

    My goodness you have been one industrious lady.
    Thank you for all of the top-notch research and info. I have learned a lot.