Mali Connection To Surge In Refugees
Mali and neighboring Guinea have been in the news for more than two years now after Ebola virus rampaged through the populations. Most scientific studies traced the disease to a single source in Guinea supposedly from a child infected by a fruit bat. Studies done suggested that the child quickly infected others and the virus mutated. Their information pointed to the fact that humans not fruit bats then spread the disease to neighboring communities who were already suffering from poor economics, poor health, and nutritional conditions.
Brief Aid History
Mali is heavily dependent upon foreign aid and is a major recipient of both multilateral and bilateral aid. Mali is one of the poorest countries in sub-Saharan Africa, ranking 182 out of 186 on the 2012 Human Development Index (HDI), 34 out of the 45 countries in sub-Saharan Africa in terms of 2012 GDP purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita, and has a negative real GDP growth rate.
Mali has received massive influx of aid for many years from multilateral donors including the International Monetary Fund, World Bank, African Development Bank, Arab Funds, and European Union. Bilateral donors include France, the United States, Denmark, Canada, the Netherlands, the People’s Republic of China, and Germany. In one estimate Total Assistance amounted to the following in US currency values $1.4 billion; Humanitarian assistance-$247 million; multilateral peacekeeping operations-$1.2 billion;and government expenditures-$2 billion in 2013.
USAID organization receives monies in the our President’s yearly budget for aid to several areas of the world including Mali. Their budget for 2017 is asking for around $8 billion total.
Clinton Foundation has been involved in humanitarian efforts in the region including Mali. In 2012,“Enriching Lives in Mali with Locally-Grown Fortified Rice” and “Starting in Mali: Building a Model for Universal Health Coverage” and ” West Africa Community Radio Network for Health are three examples.
Years of large expenditures on Mali’s development did little to undermine the appeal of extremism which led to a coup in 2012.
Economy and Resources
Mali is one of the poorest countries in the world and is on the United Nations list of 48 ‘Least Developed Countries’. Over half the population survive on less than a dollar a day. It has great natural resources and fertile valleys yet the natives are fairly nomadic and suffer from poor nutrition. Mali is mostly subsistence, agriculturally dominant. It’s key revenue crop is cotton. However, a key draw for corruption is that it is the third largest exporter of gold in Africa, producing over 45,000 tonnes of the metal each year.
Corruption and Misuse of Aid
“We are poor not because of a lack of aid, we are poor because aid does not reach the targeted populations.” said one teacher.
At best, aid to Mali has been ineffective from an economic or institutional development perspective, enabling corruption, undermining the government’s will and ability to raise revenue through productive means or taxation, and insulating it from accountability to the population, according to analysts and observers. At worst, these conditions directly led to the conflict in the north and political crisis in Bamako. Bloomberg
Connection to Refugees
A BBC report filed in April 2015, points out how human trafficking and drugs has become big business since the 2012 Coup. The main city for this trafficking is the city of Gao in north-eastern Mali. It is the gateway to the Sahara for many African migrants seeking to get to Europe.
“Cocaine Town” has become its label. Its economy is based largely on trafficking; humans are traded here like fuel barrels and boxes of noodles or fridges from Algeria. Gao is also known as transit point for the lucrative trade in South American drugs.
”I reckon the migrants have a 10% chance of reaching where they want to go. But the way I see it, it’s their choice,” says Moussa, a 26-year-old ”coaxer”.
Moussa’s job is to board the passenger buses arriving from southern Mali and earmark migrants for his ghetto boss. Because so much is at stake, Gao saw some of the worst fighting when rebels under various banners – Tuareg secessionism and Islamism – swept through northern Mali in 2012, prompting a French military intervention the following year.
Degradation and Destruction of Mali
Today, the news from Mali has gotten so bad that the UK and the US State Department have issued travel warnings restricting all visits to the country.
State Department Advisory 12/23/2016:
The U.S. Department of State continues to warn U.S. citizens against all travel to Mali because of ongoing terrorist attacks and criminal violence. Effective December 27, the Embassy will change its status to “Adult Eligible Family Members Only,” meaning that no one 21 years old or younger will be allowed to accompany U.S. government employees assigned to Mali. This Travel Warning replaces the Travel Warning dated July 1, 2016.
…Due to risks to civil aviation operating within or in the vicinity of Mali, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has issued a Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) and/or a Special Federal Aviation Regulation (SFAR).
What prompted my search on Mali is a report on BBC today titled “Mali sends back France deportees”. France sent two refugees back to Mali apparently after they said that was where they were from but Mali returned them on the same plane they arrived on saying there was no way France could prove their country of origin nor would Mali accept the men.
We recently have had Judicial Watch, Mexican journalists, and others talking about large numbers of Africans being brought into Mexico and making their way to our borders. San Diego and other ports of entry are seeing many of these people being smuggled into our borders.
With the US and others sinking so much into this extremist cesspool, why hasn’t there been a more positive change? In fact from the information I read, these poor people have actually had their lives disrupted and destroyed by the many hands and groups throwing money not to help them but to enrich the pockets of maniacs, drug lords, and traffickers. Why hasn’t the embassy for France, UK, US and other countries attempted to destroy this pipeline? How deep in the pockets of the country are “fund” groups like the Clinton Foundation?
Who is actually funding these refugees who landed in Mexico and what is the end result for the security in our country? How many have actually made it across into San Diego and what will happen when they are cut loose on their streets? I seriously doubt those coming into our country from places like Mali have anything but war on their minds especially given the current state of revolution in that country and others around it.